NEW-CHRISTIANS IN THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
Code: 31013
ECTS: 6
Departament: Department of Social Sciences and Management
Field of Study: History
Keywords:
    Cryptojudaism
    Inquisition
    Jews/New Christians
    Proselytism
Teacher:
Maria do Carmo Teixeira Pinto
Área Científica: History (Modern History).
E-mail: maria.pinto@uab.pt

Course Description:
Jews played an important economic, social and cultural role in the history of the Iberian kingdoms and they established a relationship with the society and the royalty with specific characteristics, marked by constant appeals of the royal power to convert the Jewish population to Christianity. Many Jews eventually give in to such pressure or they were forced to receive baptism, thus becoming an integral part of modern society, under the designation of New Christians, perpetuating and expanding the important role that their ancestors had played in the peninsular kingdoms. From the beginning, the Jews' conversion process proved to be few consistent and it was a factor of destabilization in the peninsular kingdoms, taking the royal power to request from Rome the establishment of the Inquisition in their kingdoms in order to root out 'heretical behaviors' of  New Christians, which had important impact in the life of the New Christian population.


Competences:
• Assessing the role played by the Jews / New-Christians in the peninsular area, especially during medieval and modern times.
• Assessing the degree of success achieved by proselytist politicy of peninsular monarchs, and its consequences.
• Assessing changes occurring within the New Christian communities in modern peninsular kingdoms, after the establishment of the Inquisition.
• Mastering specific concepts and terminology needed to understand the theme / content of the course unit.
• Establishing relations among the topics discusses in the course unit.


Contents:
1. Jewish presence in Iverian peninsula.
2. The proselytist policy of peninsular kingdoms.
3. The Inquisition in peninsular kingdoms.
4. New-Christians in modern society.


Bibliography:
AFONSO, Luís Urbano -Iconografia Judaica em Portugal (séculos XIV‐XV). Cadernos  de  Estudos Sefarditas. Lisboa: FL-UL n.º  6 (2006) p. 101‐131. Disponível na Internet: <URL: www.catedra-alberto-benveniste.org/_fich/15/artigo_Luis_Afonso.pdf
AZEVEDO, J. Lúcio de - História dos cristãos‐novos portugueses. 3ª ed. Lisboa: Liv. Clássica  Editora, 1989. 
CONTRERAS, Jaime - Historia de la Inquisición Española (1478-1834). Madrid: Arco Libros, S.L., 1997.
FERREIRA, Joaquim de Assunção - Estatuto Jurídico dos Judeus e Mouros na Idade Média Portuguesa. Lisboa: Universidade Católica Editora, 2006.
HUERGA CRIADO, Pilar - En la raya de Portugal: solidaridad y tensiones en la comunidad judeoconversa. Salamanca: Ed. Universidad de Salamanca, 1994.
LÓPEZ BELINCHÓN, Bernardo - Honra, libertad y hacienda (Hombres de negocios y judíos sefardíes). Alcalá: Instituto Internacional de Estudios Sefardíes y Andalusíes/Universidad de Alcalá, [s/d.].
LÓPEZ-SALAZAR CODES, Ana Isabel - Inquisición y Política. El gobierno del Santo Ofício en el Portugal de los Austrias (1578-1653). Lisboa: UCP/CEHR, 2011.
MARCOCCI, Giuseppe; PAIVA, José Pedro - História da Inquisição Portuguesa (1536-1821). Lisboa: A Esfera do Livros, 2013.
MUCZNIK, Lúcia Liba; TAVIM, José Alberto Rodrigues da Silva; MUCZNIK, Esther e MEA, Elvira de Azevedo coord. – Dicionário do judaísmo português. Lisboa: Editorial Presença, 2009.
PÉREZ, Joseph - Los Judíos en Espanã. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2005.
POLÓNIA, Amélia -D. Henrique. O Cardeal‐Rei. Lisboa: Círculo de Leitores, 2005, p. 107‐133. 
REMÉDIOS, J. Mendes dos - Os Judeus em Portugal. Coimbra, 1895. vol I (reimp. Lisboa, Liv. Alcalá, 2004).
SUAREZ FERNANDEZ Luis - Judios españoles en la Edad Media. 2ª ed. Madrid: Ediciones Rialps, 1988.
TAVARES, Maria José Ferro - O difícil diálogo entre judaísmo e cristianismo. In AZEVEDO, Carlos Moreira dir - História religiosa de Portugal. Lisboa: Círculo de Leitores, 2000, vol. I, p. 53-89.
TAVARES, Maria José Ferro - Os Judeus em Portugal no século XIV. 2ª ed. Lisboa: Guimarães Editores, 2000.
TAVARES,  Mª  José  Pimenta  Ferro - Judaísmo  e  Inquisição: Estudos. Lisboa: Editorial  Presença, 1987. 
TAVARES, Maria José Ferro - Revoltas contra os judeus no Portugal medieval. Revista de História das Ideias. Coimbra: IUC, vol. 5 (1984) p. 161-173. Disponível na Internet: <URL: https://www.uc.pt/fluc/ihti/rhi/vol6/pdfs/03_mtavares.pdf
TAVARES, Maria José Pimenta Ferro Os Judeus em Portugal no século XV. Lisboa: FCSH‐UNL, 1982. Vol. I.


Format:
E-learning.


Workload (hours): 156
Contact Hours: 15

Assessment:
Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).


Comments:
Students are required to have access to a computer with Internet connection and an e-mail address as well as to have computer literacy from the users' perspective.


Language(s) of Instruction: Portuguese.

Contact for virtual mobility students: Communication and International Relations Office – gcri@uab.pt