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Code: 51107
Field of Study: Culture
    1. Greco-Latin Antiquity
    2. Ancient culture
    3. Ancient literature
    4. Notion of classical
Isabel Maria de Barros Dias
Área Científica: Literature.

Course Description:
This course unit addresses some significant aspects of Greek and Latin cultures that have been studied under different perspectives (repetition, reformulation, denial, symbolic or metaphorical use, etc.) at different moments of Western culture, in literature as well as in painting, sculpture, film making, etc.
During the semester, the course unit studies the most relevant features of classical culture such as:
1) mythology;
2) literary production, highlighting the great epics and tragedies;
3) rhetoric and its grounds;
4) Greek and Latin philosophy and their most relevant writers;
5) ancient political and moral concepts and values.

In the end, students are expected to have acquired general knowledge on the major milestones of ancient Greece and Rome and their various features (myths, religion, education, art, etc.), so that they can place and understand some of their most important literary productions.
They are also expected to be able to point out the richness, depth and timeliness of thought and artistic creations of ancient Greece and Rome, relating them to the broad meaning of the term 'classic'.
Finally, students should know and be able to interpret the main features of 3 emblematic works of Greco-Latin culture: Homer's Odyssey, Sophocles' Oedipus Rex and Ovid's Metamorphoses. They should be able to detect their survival, express or implied, in several areas of Western culture.

I. Homer
(1. A brief overview of the History of Ancient Greece; 2. Epics of Homer; 3. The Odyssey - History and Poetry; Poetics; The gods; Men; The values; The perenniality of the work).
II. The Greek Tragedy
(1. A brief overview of History and Religion in Ancient Greece - The Classical and Archaic Period; 2. The tragedy and the tragedians; 3. Sophocles' Oedipus Rex - The plot; The characters; Great questions; The contemporaneity of the tragedy).
III. The fabulous world of mythology
(1. A brief overview of the history of ancient Rome until Augustus; 2. The century of Augustus/The Century of Ovid; 3. Ovid's Metamorphoses - Ovid's life and work; The form and theme of the Metamorphoses; Originality the work; Privileged analysis of some myths; Survival and influence of the Metamorphoses in Western culture).

Compulsory readings:
HOMERO, Odisseia, transl. by Frederico Lourenço, Livros Cotovia, 2005 (or other edition).
OVÍDIO, Metamorfoses, vol. I, transl. by Domingos Lucas, Lisboa, Nova Vega, 2006.
SÓFOCLES, Rei Édipo, intr., transl. and notes by Maria do Céu Zambujo Fialho, Lisboa, Edições 70, 2006 (or other edition).
Fundamental texts:
GRIMAL, Pierre, O Século de Augusto, Lisboa, Edições 70, 2008.
PEREIRA, Maria Helena da Rocha, Estudos de História da Cultura Clássica, vol. I, Cultura Grega, Lisboa, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2006.
Other texts (their acquisition is not compulsory, however students are recommended to consult them):
GRIMAL, Pierre, Dicionário da Mitologia Grega e Romana, Bertrand Brasil, 2005.
HAMILTON, Edith, A Mitologia, Lisboa, D. Quixote, 2004 (ou outra edição desta obra).
JAEGER, W. Paideia, A Formação do Homem Grego, Lisboa, Martins Fontes, 2001 (ou outra edição desta obra).
ROMILLY, Jacqueline de, Homero, Introdução aos Poemas Homéricos, Lisboa, Edições 70, 2001.
Idem, A Tragédia Grega, Lisboa, Edições 70, 1999.
SCHMIDT, Joël, Dicionário de Mitologia Grega e Romana, Lisboa, Edições 70, 2005.


Workload (hours): 156
Contact Hours: 15

Continuous assessment is privileged: 2 or 3 digital written documents (e-folios) during the semester (40%) and a presence-based final exam (p-folio) in the end of the semester (60%). In due time, students can alternatively choose to perform one final presence-based exam (100%).

Language(s) of Instruction: Portuguese.

Contact for virtual mobility students: Communication and International Relations Office –